Mother of Pearl
Also known as nacre, an iridescent layer of material that makes up the lining of abalone and pearl oysters. Used as a stress relieving stone which helps relax and calm emotions, stimulate intuition, and balance emotions.
Crafted through a process that uses a hydraulic press to assemble turquoise nuggets by introducing a bronze metal matrix throughout the brick of base turquoise, this form of Turquoise can be found in bright blue, purple and green. Mojave Turquoise comes from the Kingman Turquoise Mine in Arizona, and is the only mine authorized to process their turquoise in this manner. It has long been thought of as a holy stone and bringer of good fortune, used to correct imbalance, bring peace of mind, and to ward off depression, exhaustion and panic attacks.
A clear topaz that has a very thin layer of titanium metal coating. The metal causes interference patterns with light entering the stone, forming a rainbow of iridescent colors, similar to the color range seen in oil on water. Supposedly removes stuck or stagnant energy, and allows one to discover their inner wealth of knowledge and push creative and spiritual endeavors to the limit.
A form of orbicular jasper that occurs with multiple colors of blue green, red orange, yellow, cream, pink white and brown. Only found in the coast of Madagascar. Said to alleviate stress and induce tranquility. Makes an ideal worry or rubbing stone for soothing the nerves and increasing one’s focus. Sometimes used to banish nightmares or harmful thoughts.
A chalcedony consisting of fine inter-growths of silica minerals. Occurs in a wide range of colors including white, yellow, red, brown, green, and black. Major sources are found in Mexico, the USA, Peru, Madagascar, India, Afghanistan, and Brazil. Considered grounding and stable, helping one to be master of one’s own destiny and to keep one’s own counsel, bringing out one’s strength and determination.
An iridescent man-made glass resin made up of Dolomite and metal to create an opalescent appearance. Natural Opalite comes from opalized volcanic ash in Africa and Brazil, though it is rare. It is said to clear troubles held in the heart and create a sense of peace in one's life.
Globular structures of calcium carbonate that form within the tissues of molluscs as a protective coating (known as nacre) as a result of an internal irritation, such as a grain of sand. The largest known pearl weighs 27 Kilograms / 60 pounds.
According to history and myth, pearls are symbolic of wisdom gained through experience. Believed to offer protection, as well as attract good luck and wealth, and produce calming effects
The trade name for gem quality magnesium iron silicate that belongs to the Olivine group of minerals. One of the few gemstones that forms in only one color. A volcanic gem found in the USA, China, Sri Lanka and Myanmar. It has also been found in meteors that have fallen to earth. Said to be used to alleviate heaviness of heart and considered a stone of transformation and recovery.
A water tumbled fragment of fossilized colony coral from the Devonian period approximately 360 million years ago. Found on the beaches of Lake Michigan at Petoskey, Michigan; also known as the state rock of Michigan. Supposedly helps with creative expression, enhance intuition, and is said to prevent misbehaving spirits meddling in your life.
A variety of chalcedony embedded with fibers of amphibole minerals. Discovered in 1962 by Sid Pieters in a farmland in Windhoek, Namibia, named after his father Louis Pieters. Known as the Tempest Stone because the swirling colors in the mineral resemble a storm. Said to "hold the keys to the kingdom of heaven". Considered a protection stone for spiritual and physical health, and a strengthening stone that increases resolve and willpower.
Also known as Green Amethyst, most stones are produced by heat treatment. Natural amethyst is heated to 500 degrees Celsius in a laboratory until the color changes from purple to yellow-green or green. Amethyst used in forming Prasiolite is often sourced in Arizona, Brazil, and Poland. Natural Prasiolite deposits are quite rare, but there are deposits found in Susanville, California in the USA. Known to encourage the wearer to be their unique and fabulous self instead of having an ordinary and safe personality.
Also known as Fool’s Gold, Pyrite is an iron sulphide mineral with an octahedral crystal pattern. Derived from the Greek word for fire, because striking two pieces against one another can produce sparks. Before the 1800’s, it was favored as a decorative stone, carved into shoe buckles, rings, snuff boxes and other ornaments, and was extremely popular in England during the Victorian Age for its use in jewelry. Allegedly helps strengthen courage and self confidence, and sharpen intuition.
Composed of silicon dioxide and is transparent to translucent. When completely imbued with other minerals it takes on various colors and characteristics that form the well known varieties of quartz, such as Amethyst and Citrine. Known as the versatile “master healing crystals,” which can be used to clear one's mind.
Composed of manganese carbonate and occurs in semi-transparent crystals. The name refers to a Greek word for its rose-red color. Considered a symbol of selfless love and compassion and an excellent anti-anxiety and anti-stress stone; encourages one to live joyfully.
The color of is caused by a number of different minor impurities present in the quartz including titanium, manganese and even colloidal gold. Found in Brazil and Madagascar, as well as South Dakota in the USA. Called the Heart Stone, it may have been used as a love token as early as 600 B.C. and is still an important talisman of relationships. Said to carry a soft feminine energy of compassion and peace, tenderness and healing, nourishment and comfort.
A red variety of corundum, an aluminIum oxide. Found all over the world, Myanmar has been the world’s best source for centuries. Long revered as a stone of royalty, it is said that Chinese Emperor Kublai Khan offered an entire city in exchange for a huge Ruby. Known to stimulate passion, protection, and prosperity, as well as promote concentration, and motivation.
A combination of clear or smoky quartz with inclusions of the mineral rutile. Rutile inclusions usually look like fine metallic hairs or needles, and they can be gold, silver or copper coloured. Considered a self-empowering stone that helps ward off negativity and promote clear thinking.
A variety of Clinochlore and a hydrous magnesium, iron, aluminium silicate. Found in the Lake Baikal region of Siberia, Russia. Derives its name from its perceived link with Seraphim, the highest order of angels because of its feather-like mica inclusions in the stone. Said to enhance social skills and inspire better relationships. Some say it aids in resolving conflicts and promotes reconciliation and constructive compromise.
Varies in color from very pale tan to deep chocolate brown. Its color comes from natural irradiation. The first sunglasses were invented in twelfth century China, and used pieces of smoky quartz for lenses. Considered an ideal stone to help one feel more fully engaged in the world and eager to create. Also said to eliminate doubt and worry.
Formed when the felsic lava from a volcano rapidly cools down with very minimal crystal growth. A volcanic glass that forms as an igneous rock. Usually black in color, with white patches called Phenocryst that resemble snowflakes. Considered a stone of purity that brings about a balance to body, mind and spirit. Said to keep one centered and focused in any type of chaotic situation.
Created when quartz forms over existing bluish-grey crocidolite and eventually entirely replaces it. Chosen by the Egyptians for the eyes in their deity statues to express divine vision and in Eastern mythology portrayed courage, integrity and right use of power. Seen as a stone of luck and good fortune that brings focus and stability, enabling one to make decisions from a place of reason rather than emotion. Supposedly helps create harmony between people with different viewpoints.
A Hydrated Copper Aluminium Phosphate that belongs to the phosphate class of minerals. Most specimens are cryptocrystalline, meaning that the crystals could only be seen by a microscope. Has spanned thousands of years and all cultures, and been prized as a symbol of wisdom, nobility and the power of immortality. Seen as a stone of friendship, and encourages kindness and trust, self-forgiveness and self-acceptance. Considered an ideal stone for the protection of travelers to keep them safe from injury and theft.
Found in the shells of sea snails and mollusks along the coasts of New Zealand, South Africa, Australia, Western North America, and Japan. Made up of strong calcium carbonate tiles. Said to promote harmony and balance and enhance communication, cooperation, commitment and compromise.
A variety of quartz made purple by iron impurities. Found primarily in Siberia, Sri Lanka, Brazil, and the far East. Comes from the Greek ametusthos, which means “not intoxicated.” Ancient bishops wore it to protect themselves from spiritual intoxication. Meant to open the mind and enhances the meditative state. Some use it to strengthen imagination, intuition, and cognitive process.
A type of natural quartz coated in various elements, often metallic, to give it an iridescent sheen. Calming, protective, and uplifting. Allegedly produces a calm, relaxing effect on the emotions and heals old wounds and worries.
A copper mineral produced by the weathering of copper ore deposits. Said to clear away tension, confusion, worry, grief, and indecision. Sometimes used for the enhancement of dreams and aiding meditation.
A variety of jasper or chalcedony, usually green jasper with red inclusions of hematite. Also called African bloodstone, it is actually no longer found in Africa. Primarily found in Indonesia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Australia, and the USA. Supposedly brings the owner and good fortune; promotes guidance, courage, and intuition; boosts energy and endurance.
A blue variety of topaz that comes from India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Japan, Australia, Mexico, and the USA. A calming stone of relaxation and peace. Said to be useful in diplomacy, self-discipline and orderliness and promote organization and mental clarity.
A rare crystal comprised of gypsum, sulfur, and hematite. Primarily found in Indonesia, sometimes from volcanic mines. Supposedly enables one to accept change, find new opportunities, increase self-esteem, make clear decisions, and melt emotional barriers.
A mixture of calcite, plastic, and pigments created by runoff from tile factories which mixed and hardened in the surrounding soil and stone.The colors are thought to facilitate success and attainment of the goals of empowerment and expression.
A variety of chalcedony colored by impurities of iron oxide. It has been used in beads since the Early Neolithic in Bulgaria. Sometime used as an aid for training and physical exercise. Said to promote stability.
A minor ore of copper, recent studies show that it may be a mixture of the copper hydroxide spertiniite and chalcedony. Found in Indonesia, Israel, Democratic Republic of Congo, Chile, England, and the USA. A stone of prosperity and intuition, it is thought to strengthen emotional bonds, stability, and inner strength; also calms nervousness.
A variety of quartz that ranges from yellow to brown due to ferric impurities. Popular during the Hellenistic Age of Greece (300-150 BC). Primarily found in Brazil. Said to invigorate imagination and personal will, as well as increase productivity in group work.
Element 29 in the Periodic Table, used by humans since 8000 BC. Produced in massive stars and present in the Earth’s crust. Top producers of copper are Chile, United States, Indonesia, and Peru. Is said to protect and purify the blood.
Crazy Lace Agate
Occurs as nodules in volcanic rock and ancient lava primarily found in Mexico. The most colorful variation of agate. Thought to foster support, encouragement, and optimism, elevate thoughts, and encourage flexibility.
Dendrites are fern-like inclusions of iron, manganese, or other metallic oxides within the gem. Often found in New Mexico. Said to aid in intuitiveness, self awareness and mental strength.
Fluorite is a calcium fluoride mineral belonging to the halides class of minerals. Known as the “Genius Stone,” Represents the highest state of mental achievement, boosting aptitude and discernment, the absorption of new information. Allegedly inspires new ideas, originality and quick thinking. Thought to be a cleanser and purifier physically and emotionally.
Found in metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary rocks, often in or near volcanic mountains. The word garnet comes from the Latin granatum, which means pomegranate seed. Said to enhance creative energy and reduce body toxins. Considered a lucky stone for business, success, and love.
Gold Rutilated Quartz
Most Rutilated Quartz comes from Madagascar or Brazil. Has inclusions of titanium dioxide, or Rutile, which shine gold in the sun. Its golden glow is said to be heavenly. Said to aid in meditation and relieving anxiety.
A coarse-grained, quartz and feldspar-bearing igneous rock that is made up entirely of crystals. Comes in a variety of colors. Found in the Earth’s continental crust. Was revered in ancient times by the Mayan nation and Aboriginal tribes, who considered it to be a “stone of protection” with sacred and magical qualities.
Found in the United States, Brazil, and India. A parallel banded variety of the silicate mineral chalcedony. Was often used in art deco sculptures of the 1920s and 1930s. Thought to be a symbol of restfulness and purity.
Also known as Verdelite. It can be found in many locations, particularly the USA, Pakistan, Brazil, Africa, and Afghanistan. Has the ability to become electrically charged simply by heating or rubbing it. When charged, one end becomes positive and the other negative, allowing it to attract particles of dust or bits of paper. Also said to attract luck, success, abundance and prosperity.
A sedimentary stone composed of microcrystalline quartz and interlaced with Stromatolites, which are fossilized colonies formed by blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) and primeval microorganisms. A rare orbicular variety from Madagascar and South Africa. Considered a stone of peace and tranquility, imbued with the nourishing green energy of nature. Known for its alleged ability to calm and soothe emotional upheaval and restore balance.
A member of the Feldspar family treasured for its remarkable play of color, known as labradorescence. Discovered in Labrador, Canada, by Moravian missionaries in 1770 who named it for the area. Lore of the Inuit peoples claim Labradorite fell from the frozen fire of the Aurora Borealis, a stone with a shimmering, mystical light that separates the waking world from unseen realms. Supposedly helps in banishing fear and insecurities, strengthens resolve and restores energy.
First mined 6000 years ago, a rock formed by multiple minerals, mostly Lazurite, Sodalite, Calcite and Pyrite. In ancient Persia and pre-Columbian America, lapis lazuli was a symbol of the starry night, and the Sumerians believed it contained the spirit of the deities. During the Renaissance, Catherine the Great adorned an entire room in her palace with lapis walls, fireplaces, doors and mirror frames. Believed to stimulate desire for knowledge, truth and understanding, aid the process of learning, and enhance memory.
A form of blue pectolite, a sodium calcium silicate mineral, that forms in cavities within basaltic lava. Larimar comes only from the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea. Originally discovered in 1916, it was named by the Dominican who re-discovered it in 1974, taking the first letters of his daughter's name, Larissa, and the Spanish word for the sea, mar, to create Larimar. Supposedly cools tempers and calms fears, relieves stress and provides the strength and courage needed to speak openly from the heart.
Known in Egypt as early as 3000 B.C. Popular with the ancient Greeks and Romans for jewelry, ornaments and, in powdered form, eye shadow. Named for the Greek word for "mallow", a green herb. Said to absorb negative energies and pollutants, take away inhibitions and encourage the expression of feelings. A stone of transformation.
A pearly and opalescent feldspar stone found in all over the world. Its moon-like sheen is caused by light diffraction within its micro-structure. A stone for new beginnings said to soothe emotional instability and stress. Tied to the ancient and mysterious moon, it is said to help hormonal processes with its waxing and waning energy. Considered a stone for the protection of lovers.
Most stones are rich with history, and have a variety of physical and metaphysical qualities ascribed to them. We only touch on a few highlights of interest, but there is certainly much more to discover about your favorite gems and stones.
March Aquamarine or Bloodstone
April Diamond, White Topaz
May Emerald, Green Onyx
June Pearl, Moonstone, Alexandrite
August Peridot, Sardonyx
September Sapphire, Iolite
October Opal, Pink Tourmaline
November Topaz ,Citrine
December Turquoise, Blue Zircon